Diabetic Shock: Signs, Treatment, Prevention

Severe hypoglycemia, or diabetic shock, is a severe health risk for anybody with diabetes. Also called insulin reaction, as a consequence of too much insulin, it can happen anytime there is an imbalance between the insulin in your system, the amount of food you eat, or your level of physical activity. It can even take place while you are doing all you believe you can do to handle your diabetes.

The symptoms of diabetic shock may appear moderate in the beginning. But they need to not be disregarded. If it isn’t treated rapidly, hypoglycemia can become a very severe condition that causes you to faint, requiring instant medical attention. Diabetic shock can also result in a coma and death. It’s essential that not just you, however your household and others around you, learn to recognize the signs of hypoglycemia and know what to do about them. It might save your life.

Warning Signs of Diabetic Shock

The symptoms of hypoglycemia can be categorized as moderate or early, moderate, and severe. Mild symptoms include:

  • Dizziness
  • Irritation
  • Moodiness or unexpected modifications in behavior
  • Hunger
  • Restlessness
  • Sweating
  • Quick heart beat

Moderate symptoms include:

  • Confusion
  • Headache
  • Poor coordination

When hypoglycemia ends up being severe, symptoms include:

  • Fainting and unconsciousness
  • Seizures
  • Coma

Hypoglycemia can likewise happen overnight while you sleep. Symptoms include:

  • Crying out in your sleep
  • Nightmares
  • Wet pajamas or sheets resulting from sweating
  • Waking tired, irritable, or puzzled

If you experience any possible signs of hypoglycemia, it’s crucial to examine your blood glucose to make sure it isn’t really low. If it is, you need to treat it quickly or seek emergency care. If you can’t examine your blood sugar level for some factor, you ought to go ahead and treat yourself for low blood sugar if you discover symptoms or seek emergency situation care. If symptoms are moderate, severe, or you are unable to assist yourself, look for emergency situation medical attention.

See also: Diabetic Coma: Symptoms, Causes, Prevention


If your hypoglycemia is mild or moderate, the best way to raise your blood sugar level quickly is to eat or drink some form of sugar. You might take glucose tablets, which you can buy at the drug store. Or you may wish to drink a half cup of fruit juice or eat five to six pieces of difficult sweet.

Other treats you can use to raise your sugar level consist of:

  • Half cup of regular soda — not diet soda
  • Cup of milk
  • 1 tablespoon of sugar
  • 1 tablespoon of honey
  • One-quarter cup raisins
  • 2 big or 6 small sugar cubes dissolved in water

You can likewise ask your doctor or dietitian for recommendations for other snack items that can assist raise your blood sugar level when you have to.

After you’ve taken a snack, wait 15 minutes and examine your blood glucose level once again. If it is still low, eat another treat, then wait 15 minutes and examine it again. Repeat the process until your blood sugar level is in its normal target range.

If you lose consciousness, you will need instant medical attention. It’s essential that you educate the people in your family and the people you work with about diabetic shock and about what to do if it takes place. Someone ought to call 911 or set up to obtain you to an emergency clinic if that’s not possible.

You can ask your doctor to prescribe a glucagon rescue set and after that teach others how to use it. Glucagon is a natural hormone that quickly causes the level of sugar in your blood to rise. If you are unconscious, somebody injecting you with glucagon even before emergency situation assistance shows up can avoid additional complications and assist you recover.

Can Diabetic Shock Be Prevented?

There are things you can do to reduce your risk of diabetic shock or hypoglycemia.

Among the most essential things to do is to understand the medication you are using, whether it is insulin or a tablet that increases the body’s production of insulin. Ask your doctor how and when to take the medication and make sure to always take the suggested dosage at the advised time. Likewise ask your doctor to discuss when you have to make modifications to your medication when there is a change in your schedule or regimen.

Make certain to follow your meal strategy, consuming the right amount of the appropriate food at the correct time. Do not avoid any meals or treats, especially before falling asleep or working out. Discuss your snacks with your dietitian. Some treats may be better than others at specific times for preventing hypoglycemia. During periods of more extreme exercise, make sure to eat more carbs.

Make certain you examine your blood glucose level routinely inning accordance with the plan you’ve worked out with your doctor. Likewise check it prior to you begin to work out and at routine periods during exercise or other exertion. And check it once again after you’ve completed any physical activity.

Discuss your use of alcohol with your doctor. Your doctor can help you comprehend how to drink safely so you don’t increase your risk of hypoglycemia.

Special Precautions People With Diabetes Should Take Because of Hypoglycemia

Since hypoglycemia can happen quickly at any time, always make certain that you carry with you or have quick access to treats that raise your blood glucose.

Never ever own a car if you have hypoglycemia or presume it is beginning. Diabetic shock can cause you to pass out behind the wheel. If you are owning and notification symptoms, stop and check your blood glucose. If it’s low, take a snack and don’t start owning until the level is back in the normal variety.

Wear a medical ID bracelet or carry a card that recognizes you as having diabetes. Be sure the card says what to do if you’ve become unconscious.

Make certain your member of the family understand what hypoglycemia is and what not to do — provide you insulin, put their hand in your mouth, attempt to offer you food or fluids — if you pass out.

The most crucial preventative measure is to constantly follow the diabetes plan you’ve worked out with your doctor. Not just will it lower your risk for hypoglycemia. It will likewise assist avoid long-lasting, major complications.

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