Triglycerides is the primary storage kind of fat in the body. The majority of are discovered in fat tissue, however some distribute in the blood stream to provide fuel for the body’s cells. The triglyceride molecule is composed of 3 fat chains connected to a glycerol molecule. The body can break down the triglycerides in the foods you eat and can likewise break down and recombine other particles, such as fats, carbohydrates, and proteins, to make triglycerides.
Having high levels of triglycerides in the blood can increase an individual’s risk of heart disease. Having very high triglycerides can likewise increase the risk of pancreatitis, or inflammation of the pancreas. Due to the fact that blood triglycerides are naturally greater after a meal, they ought to be determined after 8 — 12 hours of fasting for significant results.
The American Diabetes Association (ADA) recommends that people with diabetes strive to get their triglyceride levels listed below 150 mg/dl. The following steps can assist:
- Manage your blood glucose levels.
- Limit your consumption of hydrogenated fat.
- Get more fiber in your diet.
- Eat more fatty fish.
- Lose excess weight.
- Workout routinely.
- Don’t smoke.
- Drink in moderation or not at all.
If lifestyle procedures alone do not effectively control your triglyceride levels — or if your levels are 200 mg/dl or greater to start with — your doctor might prescribe one of a class of drugs called fibric acid derivatives, such as fenofibrate (brand TriCor and others) or gemfibrozil (Lopid). Prescription niacin (such as Niaspan) is often likewise used to lower triglyceride levels.
The class of drugs commonly referred to as “statins,” that includes atorvastatin (Lipitor, Torvast), fluvastatin (Lescol), lovastatin (Mevacor, Altocor, Altoprev), pravastatin (Pravachol, Selektine, Lipostat), rosuvastatin (Crestor), and simvastatin (Zocor, Lipex), is likewise in some cases used, especially when an individual likewise has high low-density lipoprotein (LDL, or “bad”) cholesterol levels.