Type 2 diabetes is a chronic disease that can cause blood sugar (glucose) to be higher than normal. Lots of people do not feel symptoms with type 2 diabetes. However, common symptoms do exist and being able to acknowledge them is very important. Most symptoms of type 2 diabetes happen when blood glucose levels are abnormally high.
The most common symptoms of type 2 diabetes consist of:
- excessive thirst
- regular or increased urination, especially in the evening
- excessive cravings
- blurred vision
- sores or cuts that will not heal
If you experience any of these symptoms on a regular basis, talk to your doctor. They may recommend that you be evaluated for diabetes, which is carried out with a basic blood draw. Regular diabetes screening generally begins at age 45.
Nevertheless, it might begin earlier if you are:
- impacted by hypertension, now or when you were pregnant
- from a family with a history of type 2 diabetes
- from an ethnic background that has a higher risk of type 2 diabetes
- at higher risk due to high blood pressure, low good cholesterol levels, or high triglyceride levels
Typical Symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes
If you have diabetes, it can assist to understand how your blood sugar levels affect the way you feel. Most common symptoms of diabetes are triggered by elevated glucose levels.
Frequent or Increased Urination
Raised glucose levels force fluids from your cells. This increases the quantity of fluid provided to the kidneys. This makes you have to urinate more. It might also eventually make you dehydrated.
As your tissues become dehydrated, you will become thirsty. Increased thirst is another typical diabetes symptom. The more you urinate, the more you have to drink, and vice versa.
Feeling worn down is another common symptom of diabetes. Glucose is generally one of the body’s primary sources of energy. When cells can not absorb sugar, you can end up being tired or feel tired.
In the short term, high glucose levels can cause a swelling of the lens in the eye. This leads to fuzzy vision. Getting your blood glucose under control can help correct vision problems. If blood sugar levels stay high for a long period of time, other eye issues can happen.
Repeating Infections and Sores
Elevated glucose levels may make it harder for your body to heal. Therefore, injuries like cuts and sores stay open longer. This makes them more susceptible to infection.
In some cases, individuals don’t observe that they have high blood sugar levels because they do not feel any symptoms. High blood sugar level can lead to long-term issues, such as:
- a greater risk for heart disease
- foot issues
- nerve damage
- eye illness
- kidney disease
Individuals with diabetes are also at risk for severe bladder infections. In individuals without diabetes, bladder infections are usually painful. However, diabetics might not have that sensation of pain with urination. The infection might not be detected until it has actually spread to the kidneys.
Emergency Symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes
As specified, high blood glucose causes long-lasting damage to the body. Nevertheless, low blood sugar level, called hypoglycemia, can be a medical emergency. Hypoglycemia takes place when there are precariously low levels of blood sugar. For individuals with type 2 diabetes, only those people who are on medications that increase the body’s insulin levels are at risk for low blood sugar.
Symptoms of hypoglycemia include:
- problem thinking
- irritability or bad moods
- quick heartbeat
If you are on medicines that increase the amount of insulin in your body, make sure you know how to treat low blood glucose.
Symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes in Children
Some children with type 2 diabetes may disappoint any symptoms, while others do. For that reason, you ought to speak with your child’s doctor if they have any of the risk factors — even if they are disappointing the common symptoms.
Risk factors consist of:
- weight (having a BMI over the 85th percentile)
- a close, blood relative has type 2 diabetes
- race (black, Hispanic, Native American, Asian-American, or Pacific Islander are revealed to have a greater incidence)
Children that do reveal symptoms experience a lot of the same symptoms as adults:
- tiredness (feeling tired and irritable)
- increased thirst and urination
- increase in cravings
- weight reduction (eating more than normal but still slimming down)
- areas of dark skin
- slow recovery sores
- blurred vision
It is necessary to check with your doctor if you are having any symptoms of type 2 diabetes. If left neglected, type 2 diabetes can result in serious health concerns and long-lasting damage to your body. When you are identified, there are medications, treatments, and changes to your diet and exercise that will stabilize your blood sugar levels.
Your doctor will want to take different tests on a regular basis to inspect high blood pressure, kidney and liver function, thyroid function, and cholesterol levels. You must also have regular foot and eye tests.