Many people have Type 1 diabetes for a long time without knowing it. In some cases, they don’t learn till they remain in the emergency room with unsafe complications.
Type 1 Diabetes Staging
For that reason, 3 medical organizations — JDRF (formerly the Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation), the American Diabetes Association, and the Endocrine Society — recently advised embracing a brand-new Type 1 diabetes staging category. They based their proposal on 20 years of research conducted by a worldwide network called Type 1 Diabetes TrialNet. This research involved 150,000 relatives of somebody who had Type 1 diabetes. The goal was to promote early diagnosis and prevention of Type 1 diabetes by concentrating on the early stages of the disease.
The recommended new category describes Type 1 diabetes as having 3 distinct stages.
- Stage 1: The body immune system has actually begun attacking the beta cells that produce insulin, however no symptoms are yet present and blood sugar is normal. A blood test, however, can discover diabetes-related antibodies.
- Stage 2: There are still no symptoms, but diabetes-related antibodies exist. In this stage, blood glucose raises.
- Stage 3: Beta cell loss becomes considerable, and symptoms of Type 1 diabetes begin to appear (tiredness, regular urination, severe thirst, weight reduction). This is the stage in which the disease in generally diagnosed.
The primary aim of the new staging classification is to stress that Type 1 diabetes can be identified early, prior to beta cell loss becomes substantial. The faster intervention happens, the higher the prospect of preserving beta cells.
See also: Type 1 Diabetes Life Expectancy
To assist with early diagnosis, TrialNet offers screening for individuals who have family members with Type 1 diabetes. Individuals who have a relative who has Type 1 diabetes are 15 times more likely to develop the disease than people who don’t. Free screening is readily available to anybody between the ages of 1 and 45 with a brother or sister, child, or parent with Type 1 diabetes. It’s also readily available for anybody between the ages of 1 and 20 who has a half-sibling, cousin, uncle, aunt, niece, nephew, or grandparent with Type 1 diabetes. TrialNet has diabetes researchers at more than 200 places in the United States. To take part in this Pathway to Prevention program, see https://www.diabetestrialnet.org or call (800) HALT-DM1 ([ 800] 425-8361).