Gestational diabetes is a type of diabetes that takes place during pregnancy. If you have gestational diabetes, you and your establishing baby are most likely to have high blood glucose (excessive glucose — or “sugar” — in the blood). This can cause issues for both of you during the pregnancy, at birth, and in the years to come. Fortunately, there’s a lot you can do to assist control your blood sugar and lower health dangers. Following a meal plan is among the most important parts of your treatment. Your doctor or other healthcare provider (registered dietitian or diabetes educator) will work with you to develop a customized meal plan. This handout provides a blank plan for you to complete and use — and the information you have to maximize it.
Meal plan basics
Meal plans for gestational diabetes are constructed around a couple of basic concepts:
- Carbohydrates matter. All foods include some mix of carb, fat, and protein. Fat and protein impact your blood sugar over lots of hours, but carbohydrate affects it much quicker. For this reason, you’ll have to manage your consumption of foods that are abundant in carbohydrate (“carbs”). Your healthcare provider will reveal you how — and your meal plan will assist you remain on track.
- Nutrition matters. More than ever before, you need to make healthy food options. Nutritious foods support your baby’s development and advancement, aid manage your gestational diabetes, and keep you feeling great. Your meal strategy supports healthy options.
- Timing and parts matter. Controlling your gestational diabetes requires managing the pattern of your consuming. Your meal plan gives you targets for when to eat and how much to eat.
Your meal plan will provide specific targets for the entire day.
and for each meal and treat. But you may not always.
have your strategy to describe. So it’s good to understand that by.
following six simple steps, you can assist manage your.
blood glucose levels:
1. Eat little, frequent meals and treats. Eat about every 2 to 3 hours. Spreading your carbohydrates evenly throughout the day assists keep your blood glucose stable.
2. In every meal and treat, include some healthy protein. This also helps even out your blood sugar. What’s more, protein assists you feel satisfied and full of energy throughout the day.
3. Eat a very small breakfast, with a similar mid-morning snack about 2 hours later. When you have gestational diabetes, your blood glucose tends to be high in the morning. To offset this, your meal strategy will most likely include less carbohydrates at breakfast than at lunch or supper. For example, your strategy may define a breakfast that consists of one milk serving, one starch serving, and some protein.
4. Choose high-fiber foods. Excellent sources consist of whole-grain breads and cereals, fresh and frozen vegetables, and beans. Fruits are likewise a great source of fiber — most plans include fruit in afternoon or night meals and snacks.
5. Watch out for sugar and concentrated sugary foods. Sugary foods raise your blood glucose rapidly and substantially — without offering much nutritional value. So do the following:
- Don’t drink fruit juice, and get your fruit servings later in the day (not at breakfast). Although fruits are a healthy source of carbohydrate, their carbohydrates are easily taken in and tend to raise blood glucose levels quickly.
- Avoid regular soft drinks, fruit juice and fruit beverages, nectar, routine Kool-Aid, Hi-C. High carbohydrate beverages like these raise your blood sugar quickly.
- Limit desserts such as ice cream, pies, cakes, cookies, and so on. (These foods frequently have large amounts of table sugar, honey, or other sweeteners such as sucrose, fructose, corn syrup, dextrose, molasses, or fruit juices.)
- Read labels thoroughly and check them for total carbs per serving.
6. Be mindful about fat, specifically if you’re having excess weight gain. Here are some suggestions:
- Buy lean protein foods, such as poultry, roast beef, ham, and fish. Limit lunchmeat, bacon, sausage, and hotdogs.
- Remove all visible fat by eliminating the skin of poultry and cutting fat from meat.
- Bake, broil, steam, boil, or grill foods.
- Avoid frying. If you do fry foods, use nonstick pans, vegetable oil spray, or percentages (1 to 2 teaspoons) of oil.
- Use skim or low-fat (1%) milk and dairy items.
- Limit or prevent including extra fat, such as butter, margarine, sour cream, mayonnaise, avocados, cream, cream cheese, salad dressing, or nuts.
- Stay away from benefit foods. These are frequently higher in carb, fat, and sodium.
- Avoid instant noodles, canned soup, immediate potatoes, frozen meals, and packaged foods.
…and don’t forget
- Follow the rest of your gestational diabetes treatment plan. Your meal plan might be just one part of your treatment. Follow your healthcare group’s recommendations for any daily testing, workout, or medication.
- Keep taking your everyday prenatal vitamin as directed by your doctor or midwife.
- Don’t drink alcohol. No quantity of alcohol is considered safe for an establishing baby.
- Stay in touch. Contact your healthcare supplier with any concerns or issues about your meal strategy or your pregnancy. Keep your appointments for month-to-month prenatal visits with your doctor or midwife.
- Enjoy your pregnancy! Keep in mind that most infants born to women with gestational diabetes are healthy. Follow your treatment strategy, try not to fret, and look forward to satisfying your baby.