Differences Between Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes

Differences Between Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes

When individuals hear that you have diabetes, they start to make assumptions that aren’t constantly accurate. A great deal of the confusion comes from the fact that there are two primary types, yet lots of people don’t understand how they’re different.

How to Differ Between Type 1 and Type 2?

As someone with type 1 diabetes — I was detected with it almost 40 years earlier — I’m all too acquainted with the disease. I dealt with it as a child, teen, and adult, and when I decided to have kids I needed to find out how to handle the condition while being pregnant.

Having type 1 diabetes suggests I’m in the minority: Of the roughly 29 million Americans who have diabetes, just 1.25 million have type 1. A lot of have type 2, which is an absolutely various form.

“Comparing type 1 to type 2 resembles comparing apples to tractors,” says Gary Scheiner, a Pennsylvania-based certified diabetes teacher. “The only thing they actually share is that both involve a failure to control blood glucose levels.” Here are 5 crucial distinctions.

1. Type 1 is an autoimmune disease; type 2 isn’t.

Diabetes takes place when your body has problem with insulin, a hormonal agent that assists convert sugar from the food you eat into energy. When there isn’t really enough insulin in your body, sugar develops in the blood stream and can make you ill.

People with type 1 and type 2 both face this issue, but how they got here there is quite various. If you have type 1, you do not make any insulin at all. That’s since type 1 is an autoimmune disease where your body immune system attacks and damages the insulin-making cells in your pancreas. Nobody understands exactly what causes it, however genetics likely play a role.

People with type 2 make insulin, but they either don’t make enough or they have trouble using what they make effectively. Major risk factors for type 2 consist of obesity (particularly if you carry excess weight around your stomach) and being sedentary. Having a family history raises your risk as well.

2. Taking insulin is a should for everyone with type 1; treatment for type 2 varies.

Given that people with type 1 do not make any insulin, they need to take day-to-day injections or use an insulin pump that attaches to their body. Without insulin, they will die.

With type 2 there’s a higher range of treatment alternatives. You might be informed just to monitor your diet, get more exercise, and lose some weight, however most people with type 2 diabetes also take pills that trigger the body to make more insulin and/or lower blood glucose levels. If these efforts do not work and the disease gets worse, you might have to turn to insulin injections.

3. Dangerously low blood sugar level is more typical with type 1.

High blood glucose threatens, however is so low blood glucose (hypoglycemia): It might cause weakness, dizziness, sweating, and restlessness. In severe cases, it can make you pass out and can even be dangerous.

While anyone can experience a low, it’s a lot more typical in those with type 1. That’s because you need to thoroughly determine how much insulin to take (by means of injection or pump) based on your food consumption and activity level. Figuring this out isn’t really constantly easy, and taking more insulin than you require can make blood sugar levels drop. Exercise, although healthy, can also cause low blood sugar.

If you develop symptoms of hypoglycemia, you need to act to quickly raise your blood sugar level. That might suggest consuming a glass of juice, eating a few hard candies, or grabbing a glucose-containing tablet or gel.

4. Consuming sweet foods may be more dangerous if you have type 2.

Amazed? Although it’s not wise for anyone to gorge themselves on candy, “people with type 1 can typically eat what they want if they match the insulin dosing,” says Scheiner. So if you’re planning to go to a birthday party, you can simply take more insulin to fight the sugar rush from the cake.

If you have type 2, you may need to be a bit more mindful about food. The majority of people with type 2 aren’t taking insulin, and if you’re not it indicates you do not have a simple method to combat what you’re eating. Type 2 is also carefully linked with weight problems, and eating great deals of sugary foods can quickly result in weight gain.

Also read: What is The Best Diet for Type 2 Diabetes?

5. Type 1 is usually diagnosed in kids; type 2 has the tendency to strike later.

Although it’s possible to establish type 1 as an adult, it’s far more common to learn you have it during childhood. (That’s why it used to be called juvenile diabetes.) Type 2, on the other hand, becomes more likely as you grow older: Your risk increases after age 45.

Despite when you discover you have diabetes — or what kind you have — it’s important to take it seriously. Many people think that type 1 is the “bad” kind and that type 2 is simply a minor hassle, however both can lead to severe complications like blindness, amputations, and kidney failure. The upshot is that it’s possible to live a long, healthy life with either kind of the disease. Taking your medication as directed, frequently monitoring your blood sugar levels, eating well, exercising, and getting stress in check are all key.

Also read: Self-monitoring: Diabetes Home Tests

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