Total Numbers, Diabetes and Prediabetes
- Frequency: In 2012, 29.1 million Americans, or 9.3% of the population, had diabetes.
— Approximately 1.25 million American children and adults have type 1 diabetes.
- Undiagnosed: Of the 29.1 million, 21.0 million were identified, and 8.1 million were undiagnosed.
- Occurrence in Seniors: The percentage of Americans age 65 and older remains high, at 25.9%, or 11.8 million elders (detected and undiagnosed).
- New Cases: 1.4 million Americans are identified with diabetes every year.
- Prediabetes: In 2012, 86 million Americans age 20 and older had prediabetes; this is up from 79 million in 2010.
- Deaths: Diabetes stays the 7th leading cause of death in the United States in 2010, with 69,071 death certificates noting it as the underlying cause of death, and an overall of 234,051 death certificates noting diabetes as an underlying or contributing cause of death.
Diabetes in Youth
- About 208,000 Americans under age 20 are estimated to have actually identified diabetes, around 0.25% of that population.
- In 2008 — 2009, the yearly occurrence of diagnosed diabetes in youth was estimated at 18,436 with type 1 diabetes, 5,089 with type 2 diabetes.
See also: 50 Interesting Facts about Diabetes
Diabetes by Race/Ethnicity
The rates of identified diabetes by race/ethnic background are:
- 7.6% of non-Hispanic whites
- 9.0% of Asian Americans
- 12.8% of Hispanics
- 13.2% of non-Hispanic blacks
- 15.9% of American Indians/Alaskan Natives
The breakdown among Asian Americans:
- 4.4% for Chinese
- 11.3% for Filipinos
- 13.0 for Asian Indians
- 8.8% for other Asian Americans.
The breakdown among Hispanic adults:
- 8.5% for Central and South Americans
- 9.3% for Cubans
- 13.9% for Mexican Americans
- 14.8% for Puerto Ricans.
Diabetes was the seventh leading cause of death in the United States in 2010 based upon the 69,071 death certificates where diabetes was noted as the underlying cause of death. In 2010, diabetes was discussed as a cause of death in an overall of 234,051 certificates.
Diabetes might be underreported as a cause of death. Research studies have found that just about 35% to 40% of individuals with diabetes who passed away had actually diabetes listed anywhere on the death certificate and about 10% to 15% had it listed as the underlying cause of death.
Also read: 10 Myths about Diabetes
- Hypoglycemia: In 2011, about 282,000 emergency clinic visits for adults aged 18 years or older had hypoglycemia as the first-listed diagnosis and diabetes as another medical diagnosis.
- Hypertension: In 2009 — 2012, of grownups aged 18 years or older with diagnosed diabetes, 71% had blood pressure higher than or equivalent to 140/90 millimeters of mercury or used prescription medications to lower high blood pressure.
- Dyslipidemia: In 2009 — 2012, of grownups aged 18 years or older with diagnosed diabetes, 65% had blood LDL cholesterol higher than or equivalent to 100 mg/dl or used cholesterol-lowering medications.
- CVD Death Rates: In 2003 — 2006, after adjusting for population age distinctions, heart disease death rates had to do with 1.7 times higher among grownups aged 18 years or older with identified diabetes than amongst grownups without identified diabetes.
- Heart Attack Rates: In 2010, after changing for population age differences, hospitalization rates for cardiac arrest were 1.8 times higher among grownups aged 20 years or older with diagnosed diabetes than among adults without detected diabetes.
- Stroke: In 2010, after adjusting for population age distinctions, hospitalization rates for stroke were 1.5 times higher among grownups with diagnosed diabetes aged 20 years or older compared to those without detected diabetes.
- Loss of sight and Eye Problems: In 2005 — 2008, of adults with diabetes aged 40 years or older, 4.2 million (28.5%) individuals had diabetic retinopathy, damage to the small blood vessels in the retina that might lead to loss of vision.
- Kidney Disease: Diabetes was noted as the primary cause of kidney failure in 44% of all new cases in 2011.
In 2011, 49,677 individuals of all ages began treatment for kidney failure due to diabetes.
In 2011, a total of 228,924 people of any ages with kidney failure due to diabetes were surviving on chronic dialysis or with a kidney transplant.
- Amputations: In 2010, about 73,000 non-traumatic lower-limb amputations were performed in adults aged 20 years or older with identified diabetes.
About 60% of non-traumatic lower-limb amputations amongst people aged 20 years or older happen in people with diagnosed diabetes.
Cost of Diabetes
- $245 billion: Total expenses of identified diabetes in the United States in 2012
- $176 billion for direct medical expenses
- $69 billion in lowered efficiency
After changing for population age and sex distinctions, typical medical expenses amongst people with identified diabetes were 2.3 times greater than what expenditures would remain in the lack of diabetes.