Diabetes suggests having excessive sugar (glucose) in your blood. In Type 2 diabetes, sugars go up because the body’s cells aren’t utilizing the hormone called insulin effectively. What causes this “insulin resistance?” The answers may surprise you.
What Causes Type 2 Diabetes?
Mainstream medicine and media have a basic description for Type 2. You get it if you’re fat and lazy. As WebMD puts it, “While not everybody with Type 2 diabetes is obese, obesity and absence of exercise are two of the most typical causes of this type of diabetes.”
Nevertheless, Type 2 diabetes is not mainly a disease of behavior, it is an ecological disease.
Here are 10 causes for Type 2:
• Refined foods. Type 2 diabetes was unidentified till the rise of agriculture. Hunters and collectors don’t get it, but individuals who eat a great deal of grains can. Sugars or low-fiber refined grains like white bread get glucose into our systems really quickly.
The lower intestinal tract isn’t associated with absorbing these fine-tuned foods, so it does not produce a few of the incretin hormones needed for proper insulin function. Consuming refined starches and sugars periodically doesn’t cause insulin resistance, however too much of them can.
• Genetics. Type 2 diabetes has a strong hereditary element: If one twin has Type 2 diabetes, the other twin has a 70 — 90% opportunity of developing it.
If one parent has Type 2 diabetes, his or her children have about a 40% chance of establishing it in the adult years. If both parents have it, their children have up to a 70% possibility of getting it.
But are these associations genetic? Or is it that families share the very same risk factors such as poverty, bad food, a history of trauma, or physical inactivity? Or is it something else, such as the following?
• Intestinal bacteria. Our guts are full of bacteria (called our gut “microbiome”). A few of them help us digest and use food like starches; some obstruct. We get these bacteria from our natural surroundings, normally beginning with our moms. The food we eat also influences the bacteria that can grow in our gut. Research studies have revealed that both people and animals get fatter or thinner depending upon what sort of bacteria are controling their guts.
• Poor conditioning. Glucose is fuel. Our bodies need fuel all the time, primarily for maintenance like keeping warm, but likewise for physical activity. Working muscles burn up a lot of glucose and keep insulin active. Sitting throughout the day at work or entertainment, or standing in location throughout the day at a job, increases insulin resistance.
Strong muscles burn glucose much better. According to Diabetes Forecast, “lean muscle mass, which can be increased through workout like strength training, plays a role in protecting the body against insulin resistance and Type 2 diabetes.”
• Stress. The stress response produces a variety of hormonal agents that prepare the body for battling or ranging from a hazard. Those hormonal agents, such as cortisol, increase blood sugar, high blood pressure, and insulin resistance. People who face more danger, who have less loan, less education, unsafe living circumstances, or who face discrimination, have more stress and more diabetes.
• Trauma. Trauma is sometimes specified as an abrupt physical or psychological injury that causes suffering. It could be anything from an automobile mishap to parents’ divorce, from a house fire or break-in to military service.
I consider trauma as stress that never ever goes away. When you are shocked, your body will constantly feel threatened. Stress hormone levels will remain high, triggering insulin resistance. Trauma can be given from parents to children and circulated neighborhoods. This “historic trauma” most likely helps describe the high diabetes rates in African-American and Native American communities.
• Fat. Fatness is blamed for triggering diabetes. Until just recently though, no excellent mechanisms have actually been proposed to describe how that might take place. Now some laboratory research studies suggest abdominal fat cells produce chemicals called cytokines that cause swelling, which might cause insulin resistance.
Dr. Roy Taylor displayed in two studies that fat in the liver and the pancreas interferes with insulin function. Insulin doesn’t get produced usually in a fatty pancreas, and it does not work as well in a fatty liver. Decreasing the fat by a very-low-calorie diet reversed people’s diabetes.
• Poor sleep. Research studies reveal that sleep deprivation, even for one night, increases insulin resistance. Chronic poor sleep is highly connected with diabetes and may cause it.
• Environmental chemicals. Numerous classes of chemicals are understood to increase insulin resistance. These consist of consistent organic contaminants (POPs) such as dioxins, air contamination, pesticides, plastics called “phthalates,” and flame retardants in furniture.
The association between POPs and diabetes is so strong that it explains the entire connection in between weight problems and diabetes. Fat people with low POP levels do not get more diabetes than thin people. An American study found 37 times more diabetes in individuals with high levels of POPs in their bodies.
• Insulin shortage. You will not get diabetes until your pancreas falls back the increased demand triggered by insulin resistance. Insulin production drops off with age, but some believe this decrease is because of people ending up being less active as we age.
Sometimes people told they have Type 2 really have an insulin-production problem such as monogenic diabetes (MODY) or hidden autoimmune diabetes (LADA). Some of the causes of insulin resistance noted above also damage insulin production.
Now you know how complicated Type 2 diabetes is. You can see diabetes is not your fault; it’s our environment that causes it. Next week I’ll blog about what you can do with this details.